Category Archives: Arizona

Arizona History – October 25th

Sunday, October 25th

On this date in 1848, the First Dragoons reached Tucson en route to California.

On this date in 1871, Sylvester Mowry, owner of the Mowry Mine in Patagonia and one of Arizona’s earliest and most enthusiastic boosters, died.

On this date in 1923, a group of New Yorkers, inspired by Harold Bell Wright’s book, “The Mine with the Iron Door,” organized a $100,000 corporation to search for the lost mine in the Catalina Mountains.

On this date in 1928, the Federal Land Office said it would begin to distribute 108 square miles (279 square kilometers) of land near Yuma to veterans who wished to build a home.

(Photo : Santa Catalina Mountains)

Arizona History – October 24th

Saturday, October 24th

On this date in 1831, the Buena Vista Land Grant, 18,640 acres (75 square kilometers) in Santa Cruz County, was given to Dona Josefa Morales.

On this date in 1925, people from the Fox Moving Picture Corporation arrived at Fort Huachuca to film a Western movie. One hundred San Carlos Apache Indians and cavalrymen from the fort were to take part in the filming of “The Thoroughbred.”

On this date in 1929, Jerry W. Sullivan, pioneer rancher of Yavapai County, died at age 86. Sullivan had arrived in Arizona in 1867.

On this date in 1929, the first Helldorado Celebration was held in Tombstone in honor of the town’s 50th birthday. The weather was very cold, and many visitors were stranded in Bisbee in a blinding snowstorm. The municipal power plant in Tombstone failed on the first night of Helldorado, plunging the town into total darkness.

(Photo : Helldorado Celebration, Tombstone AZ)

Arizona History – October 23rd

Friday, October 23rd

On this date in 1775, the expedition under command of Juan Bautista de Anza left Tubac to open a land route to California.

On this date in 1863, General Orders No. 27, dated at Santa Fe, N.M., established a new military department called the District of Northern Arizona.

On this date in 1882, seven notorious criminals escaped from the Pima County Jail in Tucson.

On this date in 1907, newspapers announced there had been six murders in Graham County in one month.

On this date in 1919, the city of Tucson placed cigar boxes on street corners as depositories for contributions to the Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Fund, and Col. James McClintock, noted Arizona historian, complained about “undignified methods.”

On this date in 1920, Ralph Cameron, candidate for Congress, suggested that the Colorado River Indian Reservation be given to ex-servicemen.

On this date in 1921, cattle rustling became so common in the Salt River Valley that cattlemen decided to “shoot (rustlers) where they stood and leave them where they fall.”

On this date in 1927, thousands gathered in Mesa to attend four-day ceremonies dedicating the new Mormon temple.

On this date in 1927, the University of Arizona dedicated its new $450,000 library building and boasted of the 60,000 volumes in its stacks.

On this date in 1933, Jack Smith, Coconino County pioneer and last surviving Civil War veteran in Flagstaff, died at the age of 85. A spring in the San Francisco Mountains, which provided the main water supply for Flagstaff, was named for him.

Arizona History – October 22nd

Thursday, October 22nd

On this date in 1913, the city of Phoenix discovered that its $250,000 bond election was illegal and it had to be held all over again.

On this date in 1928, 1,500 ranchers, cowboys, politicians and other local citizens gathered at Sasabe to celebrate the opening of the road to Tucson.

(Photo : Sasabe Store)

Arizona History – October 20th

Tuesday, October 20th

On this date in 1870, the town site of Phoenix was laid out.

On this date in 1893, the federal government gave the Territorial Penitentiary in Yuma 2000 acres (8 square kilometers) of land on which convicts were to work farms.

On this date in 1931, the bodies of two slain women were found in a trunk in Phoenix and one of Arizona’s most famous murder cases was opened with news of the search for Mrs. Winnie Ruth Judd.

(Photo : Territorial Penitentiary in Yuma)

Arizona History – October 19th

Monday, October 19th

On this date in 1846, the Mormon Battalion, under the command of Philip St. George Cooke, set out from Santa Fe to open the first wagon road across Arizona.

On this date in 1859, Selim Franklin, who was instrumental in the introduction and passage of the bill providing for the University of Arizona, was born.

On this date in 1917, Pima County became the first county in the nation to oversubscribe it’s Liberty Bond allotment.

On this date in 1922, the first highway bridge over Lynx Creek in Prescott was opened.

(Photo : Mormon Battalion)

Arizona History – October 18th

Sunday, October 18th

On this date in 1866, the Calabasas Post Office was established.

On this date in 1893, hundreds of unemployed men from California moved east along the railroad tracks. Tucson police patrolled the tracks, giving each man a loaf of bread and ordering him to move on.

On this date in 1904, the Salt River rose in the flood over the uncompleted Roosevelt Dam, submerging the working equipment.

(Photo : Salt River)

Arizona History – October 17th

Saturday, October 17th

On this date in 1916, efforts of the Tucson Chamber of Commerce to abolish the Papago Reservation failed.

On this date in 1919, the funeral was held for Jim Sheridan, Tucson pioneer and one of the original locators of the Twin Buttes Mine.

On this date in 1922, the Fort Apache Military Reservation, which had been under War Department jurisdiction since 1877, was declared useless for military purposes and placed under control of the Interior Department.

On this date in 1926, it was announced that Joseph Ferrin, Tucson pioneer, had died.

On this date in 1929, an announcement was made of the completion of the U.S. Magnetic Observatory in Tucson. It was the first fully equipped facility for measuring atmospheric electricity in the U.S., and the third in the world.

On this date in 1933, the trial date was set for a man charged with inventing a fabulous mine near Greaterville and setting it amid sparkling lakes, cold trout streams, then promoting it by mail to unsuspecting easterners.

(Photo : U.S. Magnetic Observatory in Tucson)

(Below: The “sexier” looking Kitt Peak optical observatories)

Arizona History – October 16th

Friday, October 16th

On this date in 1907, lands were set aside for the Kaibab-Paiute Reservation.

On this date in 1929, the old wooden “pest house” at Ajo was burned to the ground to allow construction of a new and modern isolation hospital on the same land.

On this date in 1929, astounded Tucson residents, including three border patrol men, observed “icebergs” floating in the Santa Cruz River near San Xavier Mission. The phenomenon was explained by the driver of an ice wagon who said he forgot to put up his tailgate while his horse team forded the river. As he pulled up the wagon on the opposite bank, the ice slid off.

On this date in 1929, an 8-foot 8 (2.4-meter) wall of water roared down an arroyo near Fort Thomas, flooding several homes.

On this date in 1934, lawmen tracked down five men who escaped from the Holbrook jail after stealing all the guns in the sheriff’s office. The five were taken in a gun battle in the Tonto Valley.

(Photo : Tonto Valley)